Arquivo da categoria: Rússia

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Ocupação de Timor, Anexação da Alemanha de Leste, e Ocupação do Tibete.

Uma vez que não chega dizer que seria lamentável se um país da Europa ou mais se tornassem EU da A., na sua forma de interferir noutros países, ainda por cima em nome da Europa, eu gostaria de apresentar 3 argumentos, de entre muitos outros. Não tendo agora tempo para fazer um artigo completo sobre o assunto, resumo em linguagem simples, que:

1: Durante a ocupação e o genocídio de um terço da população de Timor Leste (desde 1975 a 2002), os EUA e a Alemanha, entre outros países, não só não impediram o martírio, tortura intencionada, crueldade atróz e matança, mas armaram a Indonésia. Onde estava a sua preocupação ética que agora dão como razão para a pressão sobre a Rússia ? E onde está ela, já que o Timor Leste continua a ser vitimado, sem ter recebido nem memorizações nem compensações ?

cito: “Although Jakarta has diversified its weapons sources since that time, turning to Britain, France, Germany and others to round out its arsenal, U.S. supplies remain essential. According to the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, from 1992 to 1994 (the most recent years for which full data is available), Indonesia received 53% of its weapons imports from the United States.

Since the mid-1980s, Indonesia has relied almost entirely on the United States and its Western European allies (particularly the United Kingdom, France, and Germany) for its imported armaments, obtaining anywhere from 91 to 100% of its imported weapons from U.S. or Western European sources over this time period. Major deals with European powers have included imports of 20 105mm howitzers from France, several squadrons of Hawk fighter jets from the United Kingdom, and dozens of combat ships from Germany (equipment that belonged to the former East German navy).
 Report: U.S. Arms Transfers to Indonesia 1975-1997 – World Policy Institute – Research Project | World Policy Institute

2: A ocupação do Tibete: 1950 – … Onde está a mesma preocupação ética ?

3: Este ano, a Rússia foi excluída de votar no Parlamento da Assembleia do Concílio Europeu, PACE, atitude que surpreendeu a Rússia, e que poderá ter como consequência o seu retiro da Assembleia. Uma situação inaceitável, e um clima de guerra anti-Europa.

Quote: “In a resolution adopted by 145 votes in favour, 21 against and 22 abstentions, after a three-hour debate, the Assembly said the… recognition of the illegal so-called referendum and annexation of Crimea “constitute, beyond any doubt, a grave violation of international law”.PACE: News – http://assembly.coe.int/nw/xml/News/News-View-EN.asp?cat=8&lang=2&newsid=4982

“Speaking at a Duma session earlier on Jan. 28, Ivanov proposed, as a retaliatory step to PACE’s criticism of Russia, that the Duma international affairs committee draw up a statement condemning the German Democratic Republic’s “annexation” by the Federal Republic of Germany in 1989, “especially considering that, unlike Crimea, no nationwide referendum was held in the GDR.”

http://rbth.co.uk/news/2015/01/28/gorbachev_idea_to_denounce_east_german_annexation_by_west_is_nonsense_43222.html

Embora este assunto possa ser inesperado para a maioria de nós, — e por exemplo, Gorbachev manifestou-se imediatamente contra tal comparação, dizendo:

“What kind of an annexation was it? Nobody is talking about this. It stands to reason that Divided Heaven [Der geteilte Himmel by the East German author Christa Wolf] was the most popular book in Germany at the time. It’s about Germany. So the proposal [on denouncing East Germany’s annexation by West Germany] is simply nonsense,” he said.

“I’ll tell you once again: It’s wrong to simplify the situation and make judgments about the past based on the current day and current views,” he said.

http://rbth.co.uk/news/2015/01/28/gorbachev_idea_to_denounce_east_german_annexation_by_west_is_nonsense_43222.html)

… o que é certo, é que me levou a saber um pouco mais não só sobre a História da Alemanha, mas também sobre o sentimento de quase metade da população da ex-Alemanha Oriental. Embora a minha primeira reacção, quando deparei com o artigo de Gorbachev, tenha sido pensar que o caso é muito diferente, pois que, na minha ideia ” a Alemanha, é e era a Alemanha” — no fundo, no fundo, um país que fora dividido, o que é certo é que…

The dark side of German reunification
http://blogs.reuters.com/global/2010/09/29/the-dark-side-of-german-reunification/

se o governo alemão e outros governos europeus e o americano, pensassem em respeitar a vontade da maioria dos Europeus, não deixavam ser continuada esta pressão sobre a Rússia. Afinal de contas, contrariamente aos casos estridentes como o Timor-Leste, que se tratava não só de um país  como também de uma cultura e raízes totalmente diferentes, também a Rússia e Ucrânia têm a sua História, e podiam muito bem resolver os seus problemas como países adultos e autónomos que são. Sem quebrar relações milenares entre a Europa e a Rússia, e sem dividir e empobrecer a Europa, dando desculpas para sanções que a prejudicam a ela mesma sobretudo.
Não percebo o que é que os EUA têm lá a fazer, muito menos armar a Ucrânia, quando tem tantos países a morrer de fome no mundo… e a Europa, países empobrecidos depois de entrarem na EU, e tanto melhor para fazer, do que “brincar aos índios e cowboys in other people’s contries”.

Anúncios

Is it true that Putin wants peace in Ukraine, and America prefers one at war?

“Russia would prefer to see Ukraine united, federal, peaceful and prosperous…

I had a meeting with a well-informed and highly-placed Russian source who shared with me, for your benefit, some inner thoughts on condition of his anonymity. Though the West is certain that Putin wants to restore the Soviet Union, actually the Russian president did everything he could to save the Ukraine from disintegration, said the source. That’s what Russia did in order to bring peace to Ukraine:

  • Russia supported the West-brokered agreement of February 21, 2014, but the US still pushed for the next day (February 22) coup, or “had brokered a deal to transition power in Ukraine” , inObama’s words.

  • After the coup, the South-East Ukraine did not submit to the new Kiev regime and seceded. Still, Moscow asked the Donbass rebels to refrain from carrying out their May referendum. (They disregarded Putin’s appeal).

  • Moscow recognised the results of sham May elections carried out by Kiev regime after the coup, and recognised Poroshenko as the president of the whole Ukraine – though there were no elections in the South East and opposition parties were banned from participating.

  • Moscow did not officially recognise the results of November elections in Donbass, to the chagrin of many Russian natoinalists.

These steps were quite unpopular in Russian society, but Putin made them to promote a peaceful solution for Ukraine. Some warlike Donbass leaders were convinced to retire. In vain: Putin’s actions and intentions were disregarded by the US and EC. They encouraged the ‘war part‎y’ in Kiev. “They never found a fault with Kiev, whatever they do”, said the source.

Peace in Ukraine can be reached through federalisation, my source told me. That’s why two most important parameters of Minsk accords (between Kiev and Donetsk) were those we never hear about: constitutional and socio-economic reforms. Russia wants to secure territorial integrity of the Ukraine (minus Crimea) but it can be achieved only through federalisation of Ukraine with a degree of autonomy being given to its regions. Its west and east speak different languages, worship different heroes, have different aspirations. They could manage together, just, if the Ukraine were a federal state, like the US or Switzerland or India.

In Minsk, the sides agreed to establish a joint commission for constitutional reforms, but Kiev regime reneged on it. Instead, they created a small and secretive constitutional committee of the Rada (Parliament). This was condemned by the Venice Commission, a European advisory body on constitutional matters. Donetsk people wouldn’t accept it, either, and it is not what was agreed upon in Minsk.”

Read more at:

Putin Prefers a Bad Peace in Ukraine – The Unz Review.

 

Update about the Fire that devastated Russian Academy library | Science/AAAS | News

*Update, 3 February, 11:05 a.m.: This article has been updated to clarify RAS President Vladimir Fortov’s assessment of the damage:

“About 20% of the unique scientific works that were kept in hard copies have been lost forever,” says RAS President Vladimir Fortov. Privately, library staff told ScienceInsider that they believe the damage is much more serious. Documents that escaped burning have probably been damaged by water. Firefighters stated that they did all they could to protect the documents from water.

“It is a huge loss for science in Russia. It is one of the biggest depositories of its kind in the world, probably as important for Russian science as the Library of Congress is for Americans. It has documents which it is impossible to find anywhere else,” Pivovarov says.

The fire may also affect some European humanities research. The library building hosted the German Historical Institute Moscow. “The destruction of the institute brings serious loss to German-Russian scientific relationship and links,” Gleb Albert, a German historian from the University of Zurich in Switzerland, told the Russian online newspaper Gazeta.ru.
Read further on: 

via Fire devastates Russian Academy library | Science/AAAS | News.

Moscow’s INION Library Burns – Sean’s Russia Blog

“This is a major library in the world. Unique materials are collected there and its scientific work is arranged so that every Russian scientific institute uses this library. To us, all this resembles Chernobyl.”

This is not just a major loss for Russian academia; it’s a tragedy for international social sciences. INION is one of Russia’s best libraries. For those not familiar with its academic importance, INION’s library was founded in 1918 and houses over 14 million books, rare texts in ancient Slavic languages, documents from the League of Nations, UNESCO, the United Nations, the International Labor Organization, and reports from the legislatures of the United States, England, Italy and others since 1789. INION is also part of an international interlibrary loan system with 874 institutions spanning 69 countries. INION hosts the German Historical Institute Moscow and the Center for Franco-Russia Research as well.”

via Moscow’s INION Library Burns – Sean’s Russia Blog.